Holden joined the automotive industry in 1908, building motorcycle sidecars and vehicle body shells among other operations, before becoming a subsidiary of General Motors in 1931. The first ‘Holden’ wasn’t produced until 1948, with the company manufacturing bodies for Buick, Chevrolet, Pontiac and Vauxhall until this time. The 1950’s saw Holden dominate the Australian market, producing the first utility vehicle, or ‘ute’ as it would become commonly known, and introducing the iconic FJ model. By the launch of the HQ Series in 1971, which went on to become the best selling Holden of all time, all passenger cars were being produced and designed in Australia. A steady decline saw Holden usurped by Toyota in 2003 as Australia’s best selling motor vehicle, and in December 2013, Holden announced it would cease manufacturing operations in Australia.
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